As far back as 1988, after an extensive review of the research, the DEA’s own chief administrative judge Francis L. Young concluded: “Marijuana, in its natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known.” The National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine found similarly. The DEA ignored the research. In 2010, at least 15 double-blind crossover studies, the Gold Standard of research, are among the 20,000 studies showing the safety and efficacy of medical cannabis and NO evidence it causes cancer—more supportive research for marijuana than any drug ever approved by the FDA! In 2009, forced by the overwhelming weight of research evidence, the American Medical Association overcame its previous hostility to support “that marijuana’s status as a federal Schedule I controlled substance be reviewed with the goal of facilitating the conduct of clinical research and development of cannabinoid-based medicines.” The supportive 2010 University of California Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research Report to the Legislature also demonstrates numerous benefits and safety of marijuana.
Awareness and educational efforts are working to help prevent anabolic steroid abuse in schools and communities. The Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) and the Athletes Targeting Healthy Exercise and Nutrition Alternatives (ATHENA) programs, funded by the NIDA, and supported by the Oregon Health & Science University programs is teaching athletes that they do not need steroids to build powerful muscles and improve athletic performance. These programs provide weight-training and nutrition alternatives, increase healthy behaviors, less likelihood to try steroids, and less likelihood to engage in other dangerous behaviors such as drinking and driving, use of marijuana and alcohol , and and improved body image. Bother Congress and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration endorsed these model prevention programs. 4